Time to explore Luxor with Kemet Travel . Luxor was the ancient city of Thebes, the great capital of Egypt during the new kingdom, Luxor was regarded in the Ancient Egyptian texts as (Ta ipet ) meaning the shrine and also as wast (city of the scepter). It was also referred to as niwt means city , it was also niwt rst means southern city ,it was known as the city of the 100 gates .The Greeks called it Thebai and Roman after that Thebae .
Luxor is divided by the Nile into two areas commonly called the East Bank and West Bank which were considered in Ancient Egyptian times as symbolizing respectively Life and Death.
The importance of the city started as early the 11th dynasty , it had risen as the major political ,religious and military capital of Ancient Egypt from the time of the 18th dynasty through to 20th dynasty.
Luxor has often been called the world‘s greatest open air museum, as ruins of the temple complexes at Karnak and Luxor stand within the modern city, immediately opposite , across the Nile ,lie the monuments temples and tombs of the west bank necropolis is covering about 10 square kilometers which includes the valley of the kings and valley of the queens .
The number and preservation of the monuments in the Luxor area are unparalleled anywhere else in the world that know of.
Luxor is a major attraction for tourists in Egypt , it has been a tourist destination since the beginning of tourism. Even in ancient times during the late dynasties of the Greek and Roman periods.
Many festivals were celebrated in Thebes .The Temple of Luxor was the center of the most important one, the festival of Opet, the festival was to reconcile the ruler with the divine office.
During the 18th Dynasty the festival lasted 11 days ,but had grown to 27 days by the reign of RamessesIII in 20TH Dynasty .
The procession of images of the current royal family began at the temple of Karnak and ended at the temple of Luxor . By the late 18th dynasty the journey was being made by a barge, on the Nile, each god or goddess was carried in a separate barge that was towed by smaller boats.
Large crowds consisting
of soldiers , dancers, musicians and high ranking officials accompanied the barge by walking along the banks of the river.
The king and his priests entered the back chambers, the king and his ka(soul) were merged , the king being transformed into a divine being.
The festival included
the assortment of over 11.000 loaves of bread, 85 cakes and 385 jars of beer.
The valley of the kings situated on the ancient site of Thebes, on Luxor‘s west bank , it is the ancient burial ground of many of Egypt‘s new kingdom rulers .
The valley is surrounded by high cliffs, dominated by a natural pyramids shaped peak, the kings found it will protect their funerary objects which were important for the next life.Tutmosis I was the first king to choose this local for his burial, his successors followed his lead, having their tombs dug in this valley this cemetery contains 62 tombs .
The valley of the queens is located at the foot of the south side of the sacred western mountain, has encompassed the tombs of the great royal wives of the Ramesside period. The valley was used as royal buiral ground for queens, princes and princesses in 18th until 20th Dynasties. There are nearly 95 tombs, many are simple pits, some are unscripted, others have interesting wall paintings such as the tomb of Nerfertari, the tomb of prince Amen-Hirkhopshef and Khaemwaset.
The Tombs of the Nobles comprise a number of distinct areas on the West Bank.These areas mostly lie in five different regions.Farther most north is an area know as El-Tarif, just south of El-Tarif is Dra Abu-El-Naga, which is a hillside with about 80 numbered tombs, just south of El-Assasif is ElKhokha, a hill with 5 old kingdom tombs and 53 numbered tombs from the 18th and 19th dynasty. Directly west of El-Khokha is Sheikh Abd el- Qurna, it has 146 tombs, most of which are from the 18th dynasty. Just north of Abd el-Qurna is El-Deir El-Bahari.
Queen Hatshepsut`s mortuary temple located in Luxor at Deir el Bahari .When the pharaoh died, his heir Thutmoses III was too young to take the throne.The queen then ruled Egypt in his place until he was ready. The temple was built upward in 3 stages against the towering mountain cliffs, it was dedicated to God Amun with parts also dedicated to the Goddess Hathor and God Anubis.